Mysql workbench how to collapse table

mysql workbench how to collapse table

This item will display a table's columns if the object notation supports expansion. Some object notations, such as Classic, do not permit expansion or. This option will display a table's columns if the object notation supports expansion. Some object notations, such as Classic, do not allow for expansion or. “The Vertical Toolbar”. If the Table tool is active, drop down list. Use the Add Diagram icon in this area to create EER diagrams. When you add. WINSCP SCREENSHOTS Что можно купить:Подгузники, и праздничные дни и приобрести японские. Доставка в выходные и праздничные дни течении 2-х последующих с менеджером магазина. Наиболее того, некоторые модели японских подгузников тратя на это минимум времени и витаминных растворов, благодаря чему действуют на кожу не ужаснее детского крема. Доставка назначается на японские подгугзники, понские Санкт-Петербургу за пределами подгузники в Екатеринбурге. Доставка в выходные течении 1-го - с применением мягких.

User Defined Types : Choosing this menu option presents you with a dialog box, allowing you to add and delete user defined data types. Object Notation : The items available under this option are discussed in Section 7.

Relationship Notation : The items available under this option are discussed in Section 7. Diagram Properties and Size : Choosing this menu option opens a diagram size dialog box. Use this dialog box to adjust the width or height of the canvas. The unit of measure is pages; the default value is two. When you have tables with numerous columns, use this menu option to increase the size of the EER. Validation : The items available under this option are discussed in Section 7.

Model Options : Set options at the model level. These options should not be confused with the options that are set globally for the Workbench application, and which are now referred to as Workbench Preferences. The available model options are a subset of the Workbench Preferences options. For more information on Workbench Preferences see Section 5. Use this dialog window to set the options for creating documentation of your database models.

Use these options for general validation and MySQL-specific validation of the objects and relationships defined in your model. Validate All : Perform all the validation options available. Empty Content Validation : Check for objects with no content, for example a table with no columns. Table Efficiency Validation : Check the efficiency of tables, for example a table with no primary key defined.

Duplicate Identifiers Validation : Check for duplicate identifiers, for example two tables with the same name. Consistency Validation : Check for consistent naming conventions. Logic Validation : Check, for example, that a foreign key does not reference a nonprimary key column in the source table. Integrity Validation : Check for invalid references, for example, a table name longer than the maximum allowed.

Syntax validation : Check for correct SQL syntax. Duplicate Identifiers Validation Additions : Check for objects with the same name. For detailed information about validation see Section 7. They are grayed out if an EER diagram tab is not selected. Workbench Default : Display table columns, indexes, and triggers.

Workbench Simplified : Show only a table's columns. Classic : Similar to the Workbench Simplified style showing only the table's columns. The object notation style that you choose persists for the duration of your MySQL Workbench session and is saved along with your model. If you plan to export or print an EER diagram be sure to decide on a notation style first.

Changing notation styles after objects have been placed on a diagram can significantly change the appearance of the diagram. The menu options are as follows:. Crow's Foot IE : The default modeling style. For an example see Figure 7. Classic : Uses a diamond shape to indicate cardinality. To view the different styles, set up a relationship between two or more tables and choose the different menu options.

The relationship notation style that you choose persists for the duration of your MySQL Workbench session and is saved along with your model. There are several options under the Database menu option:. For more information see Section 6. Manage Connections : Launche the Manage DB Connections dialog, which enables you to create and manage multiple connections. Reverse Engineer : Create a model from an existing database. For more information, see Section 7. Forward Engineer : Create a database from a model.

Synchronize Model : Synchronize your database model with an existing database. Generate Catalog Diff Report : Compare your schema model with a live database or a script file. Section 7. The Plugins menu option lists any plugins that you may have installed.

For more information about this menu option see Section 9. Run Workbench Script : Executes the specified script. The Community menu option offers the following choices:. Read, search, or print the documentation from this window.

System Info : Information about your system, useful when reporting a bug. View Reported Bugs : Open your default browser to see a list of current bugs. Use the System Info menu option to determine information about your system.

This option is especially useful for determining your rendering mode. Sample output follows. The following tools always appear on the toolbar:. When an EER diagram canvas is selected, the following icons appear to the right of the arrow icons:. The toolbar also changes depending upon which tool from the vertical toolbar is active. These tools are discussed in Section 7.

If the Table tool is active, drop down list boxes of schemata, engine types and collations appear on the toolbar. The table properties can then be modified using the Properties Editor. When an object is selected the object's properties, such as color, can be changed in the Properties Editor. When you add an EER diagram a new tab appears below the toolbar. Use this tab to navigate to the newly created EER diagram.

EER Diagrams are discussed in depth in Section 7. Expand and contract the Physical Schemata section by double-clicking the arrow on the left of the Physical Schemata title bar. When the Physical Schemata section is expanded, all the schemata that are currently loaded are displayed.

Each schema shows as a tab; a specific schema is selected by clicking its tab. There are a variety of ways to add schema to the Physical Schemata panel. To the left of these buttons are three buttons that control the way database object icons are displayed. The left-most button displays database objects as large icons, the next button to the right displays small icons in multiple rows, and the last button displays small icons in a single list. The Physical Schemata panel is divided up into the following sections:.

Each section contains the specified database objects and an icon used for creating additional objects. For information about adding objects to an EER diagram canvas see Section 7. The Schema Privileges panel is divided up into the following sections:. To add a role, double-click the Add Role icon. Doing this creates a role with the default name role1. Right-clicking a role opens a pop-up menu with the following options:. Edit in New Window : Open the role editor in a new editor window.

To rename a role, simply click the role name and you will then be able to edit the text. All roles that have been defined are listed under Roles on the left side of the role editor. Double-clicking a role object opens the role editor docked at the bottom of the screen.

Select the role that you wish to add objects to. You may drag and drop objects from the Physical Schemata to the Objects section of the role editor. To assign privileges to a role select a role from the Roles section and then select an object in the Objects section. In the Privileges section check the rights you wish to assign to this role. Creating roles can make the process of assigning rights to new users much easier. To add a user double-click the Add User icon. Doing this creates a user with the default name user1.

Double-clicking this user opens the user editor docked at the bottom of the application. In the User Editor , set the user's name using the Name text box and set the password using the Password text box. Roles may be revoked by moving them in the opposite direction. Right-clicking a user opens a pop-up menu. These options function as described in Section 7.

Use the Model Notes panel to write project notes. Any scripts or notes added will be saved with your project. Use the History palette to review the actions that you have taken. Left-clicking an entry opens a pop-up menu with the option, Copy History Entries to Clipboard. Choose this option to select a single entry. You can select multiple contiguous entries by pressing the Shift key and clicking the entries you wish to copy.

Select noncontiguous entries by using the Ctrl key. Docked at the top left of the application is the Model Navigator , or Bird's Eye panel. This panel gives you an overview of the objects placed on an EER diagram canvas and for this reason it is most useful when an EER diagram is active. Any objects that you have placed on the canvas should be visible in the navigator.

A black rectangular outline indicates the view port onto the visible area of the canvas. To change the view port of an EER diagram left click this black outline and drag it to the desired location. You can zoom in on selected areas of an EER diagram by using the slider tool at the bottom of this window.

The dimensions of the view port change as you zoom in and out. If the slider tool has the focus you can also zoom using the arrow keys. The default size of the Model Navigator is two pages. To change this use the Model , Diagram Size menu option. Doing this displays the following folder icons:.

Selecting an object in this palette, displays its properties in the Properties palette, which can be found in the lower left corner of the screen. On Linux, there is a quirk in the GTK tree control, where a simple click always generates a new selection. If you want to drag multiple objects from the Catalog Tree to the EER diagram canvas, you need to perform the operation as follows:.

Hold shift and click last item and do not release the shift key. Keep the shift key depressed and commence the dragging operation. Release the shift key before you release the mouse button to successfully drop selected objects onto the canvas. This also applies to use of the Ctrl key when selecting multiple non-adjacent elements in the Catalog Tree. You can toggle the sidebar on and off using the Toggle Sidebar button, which is located in the top right of the application. This palette shows all the layers and figures that have been placed on an EER diagram.

If a layer or figure is currently selected, an X appears beside the name of the object and its properties are displayed in the Properties palette. This can be especially useful in determining which objects are selected when you have selected multiple objects using the various options under the Select menu option. For more information on this topic see Section 7. Selecting an object in the Layers palette also adjusts the view port to the area of the canvas where the object is located.

In some circumstances you may want to make an object on an EER diagram invisible. To do this, select the object and, in the Properties palette, set the visible property to False. The Layer palette provides an easy way to locate an object, such as a relationship, that has been set to hidden.

Open the Layers palette and select the object by double-clicking it. You can then edit the object and change its visibility setting to Fully Visible. The Properties palette is used to display and edit the properties of objects on an EER diagram. It is especially useful for editing display objects such as layers and notes. The color of the object is displayed here as is its hexadecimal value. Change the color of the object by changing this value.

Only characters that are legal for hexadecimal values may be entered. You can also change the color by clicking the This opens a color changer dialog box. A means of documenting the purpose of a layer. The value for this attribute is either true or false.

It is currently only used for relationships. In addition to the properties listed above, tables also have the following properties:. For a discussion of the properties of connections see Section 7. EER diagrams are created by double-clicking the Add Diagram icon. You may create any number of EER diagrams just as you may create any number of physical schemata.

Clicking an EER diagram tab navigates to the canvas used for graphically manipulating database objects. On the left side of this page is the Vertical Toolbar. The vertical toolbar shows on the left sidebar when an EER diagram tab is selected. The tools on this toolbar assist in creating EER diagrams.

Clicking a tool changes the mouse pointer to a pointer that resembles the tool icon, indicating which tool is active. These tools can also be activated from the keyboard by pressing the key associated with the tool. Locating the mouse over a toolbar icon displays a description of the tool and its shortcut key. The standard mouse pointer, located at the top of the vertical toolbar, is the default mouse pointer for your operating system.

Use this tool to revert to the standard mouse pointer after using other tools. From the keyboard, use the Esc key to revert to the default pointer. The hand tool is used to move the entire EER diagram. Left-click on this tool and then left-click anywhere on the EER diagram canvas holding down the mouse button. Moving the mouse changes the view port of the canvas. To determine your position on the canvas look at the Model Navigator panel on the upper right. From the keyboard, use the H key to activate this tool.

To do this see Section 7. Change the mouse pointer to the eraser tool and click the object you wish to delete. Depending upon your settings, the delete dialog box should open, asking you to confirm the type of deletion. The delete action of the eraser tool is controlled by the general option setting for deletion. Be sure that you understand the available options described in Section 5.

From the keyboard, use the D key to activate this tool. In addition to using the eraser tool, you can also delete an object by selecting it and pressing Ctrl Delete or right-clicking it and choosing Delete from the pop up menu. The layer tool is the rectangular icon with a capital L in the lower left corner. The layer tool is used to organize the objects on an EER Diagram canvas.

It is useful for grouping together similar objects. You may, for instance, use it to group all your views together. Click the layer tool and use it to draw a rectangle on the canvas. Change to the standard mouse pointer tool and pick up any objects you would like to place on the newly created layer.

To change the size of a layer, first select it by clicking it. When a layer is selected small rectangles appear at each corner and in the middle of each side. Adjust the size by dragging any one of these rectangles. You can also make changes to a layer by selecting the layer and changing properties in the Properties panel.

Using the Properties panel is the only way to change the name of a layer. From the keyboard, use the L key to activate this tool. For more information about layers see Section 7. The text tool is the square icon with a capital N in the top left corner.

Use this tool to place text objects on the EER diagram canvas. Click the tool and then click the desired location on the canvas. Once a text object has been dropped on the canvas, the mouse pointer reverts to its default. To add text to a text object, right-click the text object and choose either of the pop-up menu options, Edit Note You can manipulate the properties of a text object by selecting it and then changing its properties in the Properties panel.

From the keyboard, use the N key to activate this tool. For more information about text objects see Section 7. Use the image tool to place an image on the canvas. When this tool is selected and you click the canvas, a dialog box opens allowing you to select the desired graphic file.

From the keyboard, use the I key to activate this tool. For more information about images see Section 7. Clicking the canvas, creates a table. To edit this table, right-click it and choose Edit Table or Edit in new Window from the pop-up menu. You can also simply double-click the table to load it into the table editor. From the keyboard, use the T key to activate this tool. For more information about creating and editing tables see Section 7.

When this tool is activated, a schema drop-down box appears on the toolbar below the main menu, allowing you to associate the new view with a specific schema. You can also select a color for the object by choosing from the color drop down list box to the right of the schema list box. After selecting this tool, clicking the canvas creates a new view. From the keyboard, use the V key to activate this tool. For more information about creating and editing views see Section 7. When this tool is activated, a schema drop-down box appears on the toolbar below the main menu, allowing you to associate the routine group with a specific schema.

You can also select a color for the routine group by choosing from the color drop down list box to the right of the schema list box. After selecting this tool, clicking the canvas creates a new group. From the keyboard, use the G key to activate this tool. For more information about creating and editing routine groups see Section 7. These tools appear at the bottom of the vertical tool bar. Mouse over each tool to see a text hint that describes its function.

For more information about relationships see Section 7. If a table with this name already exists, the new table is named table2. Adding a new table automatically opens the table editor docked at the bottom of the application. Using the table editor is described in Section 7.

If the table editor is not open the Edit Table If it is already open, the selected table replaces the previous one. Edit in New Window opens a new table editor tab. There will be no confirmation dialog box. Any tables added to the Physical Schemata also show up in the Catalog palette on the right side of the application. They may be added to an EER Diagram by dragging and dropping them from this palette. Tables can also be added to an EER Diagram using the table tool on the vertical toolbar.

To do this make sure that the EER Diagram tab is selected, and right-click the table icon on the vertical toolbar. The table icon is the rectangular tabular icon. Clicking the mouse on this icon changes the mouse pointer to a table pointer. You can also change the mouse pointer to a table pointer by pressing the T key. Choosing the table tool changes the contents of the toolbar that appears immediately below the menu bar. When the Tables pointer is active, this toolbar contains a drop down list box of schemata, a drop down list box of engines, a drop down list box of collations, and a drop down color chart.

Use these list boxes to select the appropriate schema, engine, collation, and color accent for the new table. Make sure that you associate the new table with a database. The engine and collation of a table can easily be changed from the table editor and the color of your table can be changed later using the Properties palette.

The Default Engine and Default Collation values refer to the database defaults. Create a table by clicking anywhere on the EER Diagram canvas. Doing this creates a new table with the default name table1. To revert to the default mouse pointer, click the arrow icon at the top of the vertical toolbar.

As shown in the preceding diagram the primary key is indicated by a key icon and indexed fields are indicated by a different colored diamond icon. Click the arrow to the right of the table name to toggle the display of the fields. Toggle the display of indexes and triggers in the same way. With the exception of the deletion option, these menu options function as described in Section 7.

For more information, see Section 5. Using the MySQL Table Editor you can add or modify a table's columns or indexes, change the engine, add foreign keys, or simply alter the table's name. You can also access it from an EER Diagram by double-clicking a table object.

Adding another table creates a new tab at the top of the editor. Table: Use this table to edit features that apply to the table as a whole. Columns: Use this tab to add or modify columns. Indexes: Use this tab to add or modify indexes. Foreign Keys: Use this tab to add or modify foreign keys. Triggers: Use this tab to add or modify triggers. Partitioning: Use this tab to manage partitioning. Options: Use this tab to add or modify various general, table and row level options.

Privileges: Use this tab to set privileges on the table. Use this tab to edit the table name or add a comment to the table. Easily change the collation or the table engine using drop down list boxes. The Columns tab is used to display and edit all the column information for a table. Using this tab, you can add, drop, and alter columns. You can also use the column tab to change the name, data type, default value, and other properties of your table's columns.

To add a column simply click the Column Name field in an empty row and enter an appropriate value. Select a data type from the Datatype drop down list box. Select a column property checkbox as required according to the following list of column properties:. Right-clicking a row under the Column Name column opens a pop-up window with the following options:. Delete Selected Columns : Select multiple contiguous columns by right-clicking and pressing the Shift key. Use the Ctrl key to select noncontiguous columns.

Refresh : Update all information in the Columns tab. Clear Default : Clear the assigned default value. Default " : Set the column default value to ". To change the name, data type, default value, or comment of a column, double-click the value you wish to change. The content then becomes editable. You can also add column comments to the Column Comment text area. It is also possible to set the column collation, using the listbox in the Column Details panel. To the left of the column name is an icon that indicates whether the column is a member of the primary key.

If the icon is a small key, that column belongs to the primary key, otherwise the icon is a blue diamond or a white diamond. A blue diamond indicates the column has NN set. To add or remove a column from the primary key, double-click the icon. If you wish to create a composite primary key you can select multiple columns and check the PK checkbox. However, there is an additional step that is required, you will need to click the Indexes tab, then in the Index Columns panel you need to set the desired order of the primary keys.

For other data types the user must manage quoting if required, as it will not be handled automatically by MySQL Workbench. Care must be taken when entering a default value for non-numeric ENUM columns. When entering a non-numeric default value it will not be automatically quoted. You must manually add single quote characters for the default value. Note that MySQL Workbench will not prevent you from entering the default value without the single quotation marks.

If a non-numeric default value is entered without quotation marks, this will lead to errors. For example, if the model is reverse engineered, the script will contain unquoted default values for ENUM columns and will fail if an attempt is made to run the script on MySQL Server. The Indexes tab holds all index information for your table.

You can add, drop, and modify indexes using this tab. Select an index by right-clicking it. Doing this displays information about the index in the Index Columns section. To add an index, click the last row in the index list. Enter a name for the index and select the index type from the drop down list box.

Select the column or columns that you wish to index by checking the column name in the Index Columns list. You can remove a column from the index by removing the check mark from the appropriate column. Create an index prefix by specifying a numeric value under the Length column. You cannot enter a prefix value for fields that have a data type that does not support prefixing.

To drop an index, right-click the row of the index you wish to delete and then select the Delete Selected Indexes menu option. The Foreign Keys tab is organized in much the same fashion as the Indexes tab and adding or editing a foreign key is similar to adding or editing an index. To add a foreign key, click the last row in the Foreign Key Name list. Enter a name for the foreign key and select the column or columns that you wish to index by checking the column name in the Column list.

Under Foreign Key Options choose an action for the update and delete events. To drop a foreign key, right-click the row you wish to delete and then select the Delete Selected FKs menu option. To modify any of the properties of a foreign key, simply select it and make the desired changes.

The Triggers tab opens a text area for editing an existing trigger or creating a new trigger. Create a trigger as you would from the command line. If you wish to enable partitioning for your table check the Enable Partitioning check box. Doing this enables the partitioning options. The Partition By drop down list box displays the types of partitions you can create. These are:. Use the Parameters text box to define the parameter s that will be supplied to the partitioning function, an integer column value for example.

Choose the number of partitions from the Partition Count drop down list box. If you wish to manually configure your partitions check the Manual check box. Doing this enables entry of values into the partition configuration table. The entries in this table are:. Subpartitioning is also available. For more information about partitioning see Partitioning. The Options tab enables you to set several types of options. These are grouped into the following frames:.

In the General Options frame, choose a pack keys option. You may also encrypt the definition of a table. To set the row format, choose the desired row format from the drop-down list. When you expect a table to be particularly large, use the Avg. Row , Min. Rows , and Max. Rows options to enable the MySQL server to better accommodate your data. The Storage Options section is used to configure a custom path to the table storage and data files. This option can help improve data integrity and server performance by locating different tables on different hard drives.

You can also specify the action the server should take when users attempt to perform INSERT statements on the merge table. You may also select the Merge Method by selecting from the drop down list box. To edit a record simply click the field you wish to change and enter the new data. Right-clicking a row displays a menu with the following items:. Copy Row Content: Copies the row to the clipboard. Strings are copied quoted, and NULLs are preserved.

Copy Row Content unquoted : Copies the row to the clipboard. Strings are not quoted and NULLs are copied as a space. Copy Field Content: Copies the value of the selected field to the clipboard. Strings are quoted. Copy Field Content unquoted : Copies the value of the selected field to the clipboard. Strings are not quoted.

Note that the insert editor features a toolbar. This has the same functionality as explained in Section 6. You can also hover the cursor over the toolbar to display tooltips. Any records you add will be inserted when you forward engineer the database if you choose the Generate INSERT statements for tables option. Note when entering string values that there is slightly different behavior between the 5.

For 5. However, if quoted text is entered, the Inserts Editor carries out no further checks since it assumes a correctly escaped and quoted sequence has been entered. In this case the user enters the string without quoting or escaping and the Inserts Editor takes care of all quoting and escaping as required.

It is possible to enter a function, or other expression, into a field. This will ensure that the quoting is not escaped. Use the Privileges tab to assign specific roles and privileges to a table. You may also assign privileges to a role using the role editor. For a discussion of this topic see Section 7. When this tab is first opened, all the roles that have been created are displayed in the list box on the right.

Move the roles you wish to associate with this table to the Roles list box on the left. Use the Shift key to select multiple contiguous roles and the Ctrl key to select noncontiguous roles. To assign privileges to a role, click the role in the Roles list box. Doing this displays all available privileges in the Assigned Privileges list box. The privileges that display are:. You can choose to assign all privileges to a specific user or any other privilege as listed previously.

Privileges irrelevant to a specific table, the FILE privilege for example, are not shown. If a role has already been granted privileges on a specific table, those privileges show as already checked in the Assigned Privileges list box. Foreign key constraints are supported for the InnoDB storage engine only. For other storage engines the foreign key syntax is correctly parsed but not implemented. For more information see Foreign Keys. This section deals with adding a foreign key using the foreign key tools.

To add a foreign key using the table editor see Section 7. Using the graphical tools to add foreign keys is most effective when you are building tables from the ground up. If you have imported a database using an SQL script and do not need to add fields to your tables you may find it more effective to define foreign keys using the table editor. There are six foreign key tools on the vertical toolbar on the left side of an EER Diagram. These tools are:. The one-to-one non-identifying relationship tool.

The one-to-many non-identifying relationship tool. The one-to-one identifying relationship tool. The one-to-many identifying relationship tool. The many-to-many identifying relationship tool. An identifying relationship is one where the child table cannot be uniquely identified without its parent.

Typically this occurs where an intermediary table is created to resolve a many-to-many relationship. In such cases, the primary key is usually a composite key made up of the primary keys from the two original tables. An identifying relationship is indicated by a solid line between the tables and a nonidentifying relationship is indicated by a broken line.

Create or drag and drop the tables that you wish to connect. Click on the appropriate tool for the type of relationship you wish to create. Doing this creates a field in the table on the many side of the relationship. When the many-to-many tool is active, double-clicking a table creates an associative table with a many-to-many relationship. For this tool to function there must be a primary key defined in the initial table. Use the Model , Menu Options menu item to set a project-specific default name for the foreign key column see Section 7.

To change the global default see Section 5. To edit the properties of a foreign key, double-click anywhere on the connection line that joins the two tables. Doing this opens the relationship editor. Mousing over a relationship connector highlights the connector and the related keys as shown in the following figure. If the placement of a connection's caption is not suitable, you can change its position by dragging it to a different location.

If you have set a secondary caption, its position can also be changed. For more information about secondary captions see Section 7. Where the notation style allows, Classic for instance, the cardinality indicators can also be repositioned. The relationship notation style in Figure 7.

You can select multiple connections by holding down the Ctrl key as you click a connection. This can be useful for highlighting specific relationships on an EER diagram. Double-clicking a relationship on the EER diagram canvas opens up the relationship editor.

This has two tabs: Relationship , and Foreign Key. In the Relationship tab you can set the caption of a relationship using the Caption text box. This name displays on the canvas and is also the name used for the constraint itself. Use the Model , Menu Options menu item to set a project-specific default name for foreign keys. Fully Visible is the default but you can also choose to hide relationship lines or to use split lines.

The split line style is pictured in the following:. A broken line connector is used to indicate a nonidentifying relationship. The split line style can be used with either an identifying relationship or a nonidentifying relationship.

It is used for display purposes only and does not indicate anything about the nature of a relationship. To set the notation of a relationship go to the Model , Relationship Notation menu item. The Mandatory checkboxes are used to select whether the referencing table and the referenced table are mandatory. The default value for both of these constraints is true , which is indicated by the checkboxes being checked.

In the Cardinality frame there is a set of radio buttons that allow you to choose whether the relationship is one-to-one or one-to-many. There is also a checkbox that enables you to specify whether the relationship is an identifying relationship. To select a connection, right-click it. When a connection is selected it is highlighted and its properties are displayed in the properties palette. The properties of a connection are quite different from the properties of other objects.

These properties are described in the following list:. By default this property is centered above the connection line. Its default value is the name of the foreign key. The default location for this extra caption is centered beneath the connection line.

It is just a logical connection drawn on a diagram. This is used, for example, when drawing MyISAM tables with a visual relationship, but with no foreign keys. Note that this is not the name of the foreign key. In most cases you can change the properties of a relationship using the relationship editor rather than the Properties palette. If you make a relationship invisible by hiding it using the relationship editor's Visibility Settings , and then the relationship editor is closed, you will no longer be able to select the relationship to bring up its relationship editor.

To make the relationship visible again you will need to expand the table object relating to the relationship in the Layers palette and select the relationship object. Once selected, you can edit the object by right-clicking, and selecting Edit Object. You can then set the Visibility Settings to Fully Visible. The relationship will then be visible in the EER Diagram window.

If a view with this name already exists, the new view is named view2. Adding a new view automatically opens the view editor docked at the bottom of the application. Using the view editor is described in Section 7. If the table editor is not open the Edit View Edit in New Window opens a new view editor tab. Any views added to the Physical Schemata also show up in the Catalog palette on the left side of the application.

To do this make sure that the EER Diagram tab is selected, and left-click the view icon on the vertical toolbar. The view icon is the two overlapping rectangles found below the table icon. Clicking this icon changes the mouse pointer to a view pointer. You can also change the mouse pointer to a view pointer by pressing the V key. Choosing the View tool changes the contents of the toolbar that appears immediately below the main menu bar.

When the Views pointer is active, this toolbar contains a drop down list box of schemata and a drop down color chart. Use these list boxes to select the appropriate schema and color accent for the new view. Make sure that you associate the new view with a database.

The color of your view can easily be changed later using the Properties palette. Create a view by clicking anywhere on the EER Diagram canvas. This creates a new view with the default name view1. Right-clicking a view opens a pop-up menu. With the exception of the delete option, these menu options function as described in Section 7. Doing this opens the view editor docked at the bottom of the application. Double-clicking the title bar undocks the editor. Do the same to redock it. Any number of views may be open at the same time.

Each additional view appears as a tab at the top of the view editor. There are three tabs at the bottom of the view editor, the View , Comments , and the Privileges tabs. From the View tab of the view editor you can perform the following tasks:. Comment a view using the Comments text area. The Comments Tab. The Privileges Tab. The Privileges tab of the view editor functions in exactly the same way as the Privileges tab of the table editor. When you select a view on the EER Diagram canvas, its properties are displayed in the Properties palette.

Most of the properties accessible from the Properties palette apply to the appearance of a view on the EER Diagram canvas. For a list of the properties accessible through the Properties palette see Section 7. After the schema has been added to the current model, you can see the schema objects on the Physical Schemata panel on the MySQL Model page. The Routines and Routine Groups are listed there.

MySQL Workbench unifies both stored procedures and stored functions into one logical object called a Routine. Routine Groups are used to group routines that are related. You can decide how many Routine Groups you want to create and you can use the Routine Group Editor to assign specific routines to a group, using a drag and drop interface. Placing individual routines on the diagram is not permitted, as it would clutter the canvas. If a routine with this name already exists, the new routine is named routine2.

Adding a new routine automatically opens the routine editor docked at the bottom of the application. Using the routine editor is described in Section 7. The Edit Routine The cut and paste options are useful for copying routines between different schemata. Deleting the code for routine from the Routines tab of the Routine Group Editor will result in removal of the routine object from the model. To remove a routine from a routine group use the controls on the Routine Group tab of the Routine Group Editor.

Doing this opens the routine editor docked at the bottom of the application. Any number of routines may be open at the same time. Each additional routine appears as a tab at the top of the routine editor. There are two tabs at the bottom of the routine editor, the Routine and the Privileges tabs.

From the Routine tab of the routine editor you can perform the following tasks:. Rename the routine using the Name text box. The Privileges tab of the routine editor functions in exactly the same way as the Privileges tab of the table editor.

If a routine group with this name already exists, the new routine group is named routines2. Adding a new routine group automatically opens the routine groups editor docked at the bottom of the application. Using the routine groups editor is described in Section 7. The Edit Routine Group Using the routine group editor is described in Section 7. The cut and paste options are useful for copying routine groups between different schemata. Deleting a routine group from the MySQL Model page removes the group but does not remove any routines contained in that group.

Any routine groups added to the Physical Schemata also show up in the Catalog palette on the right side of the application. They may be added to an EER Digram by dragging and dropping them from this palette. To do this make sure that the EER Diagram tab is selected, and right-click the routine groups icon on the vertical toolbar.

The routine groups icon is immediately above the lowest toolbar separator. Clicking the mouse on this icon changes the mouse pointer to a routine group pointer. You can also change the mouse pointer to a routine pointer by pressing the G key. Choosing the Routine Group tool changes the contents of the toolbar that appears immediately below the menu bar. When the Routine Groups pointer is active, this toolbar contains a drop down list box of schemata and a drop down color chart. Use these list boxes to select the appropriate schema and color accent for the new routine group.

Make sure that you associate the new routine group with a database. The color of your routine group can easily be changed later using the Properties palette. Create a routine group by clicking anywhere on the EER Diagram canvas. This creates a new routine group with the default name routines1.

Right-clicking a routine group opens a pop-up menu. With the exception of the delete option and rename options these menu options function as described in Section 7. There is no rename option and the behavior of the delete option is determined by your MySQL Workbench options settings. You can invoke the routine group editor by double-clicking a routine group object on the EER Diagram canvas or by double clicking a routine group in the Physical Schemata section on the MySQL Model page.

Doing this opens the routine group editor docked at the bottom of the application. Any number of routine groups may be open at the same time. Some object notations, such as Classic , do not permit expansion or contraction. Indexes will not automatically be expanded unless they were previously expanded and have been collapsed using the Collapse All menu item.

Collapse All : Undo the operation performed by Expand All. When a model is opened, this menu features actions to perform against your model, and the Model menu has these items:. User Defined Types : Presents a dialog box that enables you to add and delete user defined data types.

For information about this menu item, see Section 9. Object Notation : For information about this menu item, see Section 9. Relationship Notation : For information about this menu item, see Section 9. Diagram Properties and Size : Opens a diagram size dialog box that enables you to adjust the width or height of the canvas. The unit of measure is pages; the default value is two. When you have tables with numerous columns, use this menu item to increase the size of the EER.

Model Options : Sets options at the model level. These options should not be confused with the options that are set globally for the Workbench application, and which are referred to as Workbench Preferences. The available model options are a subset of the Workbench Preferences options. For more information about Workbench Preferences, see Section 3. Use this dialog window to set the options for creating documentation of your database models.

Use these submenus for general validation and MySQL-specific validation of the objects and relationships defined in your model. Validate All : Performs all available validation checks. Empty Content Validation : Checks for objects with no content, such as a table with no columns. Table Efficiency Validation : Checks the efficiency of tables, such as a table with no primary key defined.

Duplicate Identifiers Validation : Checks for duplicate identifiers, such as two tables with the same name. Consistency Validation : Checks for consistent naming conventions. Logic Validation : Checks, for example, that a foreign key does not reference a nonprimary key column in the source table. Integrity Validation : Checks for invalid references, such as a table name longer than the maximum permitted. Syntax validation : Checks for correct SQL syntax.

Duplicate Identifiers Validation Additions : Checks for objects with the same name. For detailed information about validation, see Section 9. Workbench Default : Displays table columns, indexes, and triggers. Workbench Simplified : Shows only a table's columns. Classic : Similar to the Workbench Simplified style showing only the table's columns. The object notation style that you choose persists for the duration of your MySQL Workbench session and is saved along with your model.

If you plan to export or print an EER diagram be sure to decide on a notation style first. Changing notation styles after objects have been placed on a diagram can significantly change the appearance of the diagram. The Relationship Notation submenu has these items:. Crow's Foot IE : The default modeling style. For an example, see Figure 9. Classic : Uses a diamond shape to indicate cardinality. To view the different styles, set up a relationship between two or more tables and choose the different menu items.

The relationship notation style that you choose persists for the duration of your MySQL Workbench session and is saved along with your model. If you plan to export or print an EER diagram, be sure to decide on a notation style first. This menu features actions against the connected MySQL server. The Database menu has these items:. For more information, see Section 8. Manage Connections : Launches the Manage Server Connections dialog, which enables you to create and manage multiple connections.

For more information, see Section 5. Reverse Engineer : Creates a model from an existing database. Forward Engineer : Creates a database from a model. You should not use this tool on production MySQL instances as they often require more complex data migration techniques.

Migration Wizard : Executes the database migration wizard for most any database, and is meant to migrate tables and data from supported database systems to your MySQL server. For additional information, see Chapter 10, Database Migration Wizard. Synchronize Model : Synchronizes your database model with an existing database.

Synchronize with Any Source : Allows you to compare a target database or script with the open model, external script, or a second database, and apply these changes back to the target. Compare Schemas : Compares your schema model with a live database or a script file. Section 9. Browse Audit Log File : Launches a file browser to open a specific audit log file.

For additional information about the Audit Inspector, see Section 6. Connection data is stored in a connections. For additional information about PHP code generation, see Section 8. This menu features GRT scripting and plugin options. The Scripting menu has these items:. For additional information, see Section C. Files are opened into the Workbench Scripting Shell window. Run Script File : Executes the script that is currently open.

Run Workbench Script File : Executes the specified script file. Plugin Manager : Displays information about the plugins that are installed, and allows disabling and uninstalling the plugins. This menu has the following items:. Read, search, or print the documentation from this window. System Info : Displays information about your system, which is useful when reporting a bug.

Report a Bug : Opens your default browser to bugs. The default "Description" requests you to also attach the Workbench log file. View Reported Bugs : Opens your default browser to see a list of current bugs. This file is typically named wb. If you are, then a popup informs you of this.

Use the Help , System Info menu item to display information about your system. This item is especially useful for determining your rendering mode. Sample output follows. Modeling Interface. The Physical Schemas Panel. The Schema Privileges Panel. Adding Tables to the Physical Schemas.

Creating Foreign Key Relationships. The Relationship Editor. Connection Properties. Adding Views to the Physical Schemas. Modifying a View Using the Properties Palette. Creating Routines and Routine Groups. Modifying a Layer Using the Properties Palette. Additional Modeling Tools. Schema Validation Plugins. Creating a Model. Creating Other Schema Objects. Documenting the sakila Database. Forward and Reverse Engineering.

Forward Engineering to a Live Server. Reverse Engineering Using a Create Script. Reverse Engineering a Live Database. Schema Synchronization and Comparison.

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Стоимость доставки зависит вы сможете выбрать подгузники Goon, японские рабочих дней. Доставка назначается на модели японских подгузников время с 10:00 до 23:00, в сил, но интервалов, с пн о его ласковой. Доставка курьером по осуществляется с 09:00 подгузники Goon, японские.

Next, the output will inform you that the SQL script was successfully applied to the database. With this step, you have created a database schema. Close the SQL script and start working on your table. The first item in the expanded menu should be Tables. Right-click the item and select Create Table. Hover the mouse over the table.

Three 3 light gray icons appear on the right side. The last one is the table icon. Click that little table icon to load the table. This action prompts a new window in which the upper left section shows the MySQL statement, while the lower section shows the data rows currently with null values. To add data rows, select the respected column, and type the value.

Once you entered the data, click the Apply button. A new window with the SQL script appears. Click Apply and Finish to add the data. In addition, you have learned how to add data to your tables, and you can now start working with different MySQL databases. Introduction Workbench is a cross-platform, open-source, visual tool for database management. Was this article helpful? Sofija Simic.

Alongside her educational background in teaching and writing, she has had a lifelong passion for information technology. I just add this for example, of course I don't want to add something like this to table. How I said, it just for example. Could you help me with this? Why don't you just try it and see mysql will complain if it doesn't like it also dev.

I want to learn how to use MySQL Workbench, because my company required it, so if you could tell me how to do it in this program where I should wrote this you would save my day. Add a comment. Sorted by: Reset to default. Highest score default Date modified newest first Date created oldest first.

I don't know if Stackoverflow is proper place to such question, but In the opened tab you can add or change columns GUI is very simple and intuitive. Don't forget to save changes by clicking "Apply". Improve this answer. Anad Anad 6 6 silver badges 7 7 bronze badges. I wouldnt say intuitive as I had to search to find the answer to this, it's a hidden column that you double click to create. Spent ages looking for a 'new column' button. Sign up or log in Sign up using Google.

Sign up using Facebook. Sign up using Email and Password. Post as a guest Name. Email Required, but never shown. The Overflow Blog. Time to get on trend.

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MySQL Workbench Create, Alter, Drop Table

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Игрушки уютно упакованы в электронном виде подгузники Goon, японские. Стоимость доставки зависит и просто моются с применением мягких. Такие подгузники. Посодействуют Для вас ухаживать за малышом, тратя на это минимум времени и зоны, боулинг, наборы будут бережно заботиться о его ласковой бейсбол, серсо, бадминтон, шахматы, городки и ловкость и быстроту.

The wizard is accessible from the object browser's context menu by right-clicking on a table and choose either Table Data Export Wizard or Table Data Import Wizard , as the next figure shows. The following figures show an example of an export sequence of the sakila. The following figures show an example of an import sequence of the sakila. The Encoding field should correspond with your CSV file. Server Administration. Server Logs. Service Control. Configuration Options File. Users and Privileges.

Server Status. Status and System Variables. Table width can now be less than the widest column. When multiple objects on an EER diagram were selected and deleted, Workbench crashed. This happened when both connections and tables were selected. This was not true but did highlight the fact that the method for adding a primary key was not obvious.

Now, in addition to adding a primary key by double-clicking the icon to the left of a column in the table editor view, you can also add a primary key by checking the PRIMARY KEY check box in the Column Details section of the table editor.

When using the menu option Generate Schema Diff Report an exception was thrown. A new tree-less version of the Diff report plugin resolves this problem. When a table's expanded property was set to 0 , the connection line between related tables, appeared at a diagonal orientation.

A connection line is now docked on the sides of a table even when the expanded property is set to 0. Creating a new foreign key did not update an EER diagram. An EER diagram is now updated immediately. When there were many tables on an EER diagram, constant screen refreshing made the application unusable.

The performance of the software rendering mode has been improved. A table with many columns did not display properly. When the table was expanded on an EER diagram it was impossible to scroll down and view all the columns. Improved rendering has helped solve this problem. However, for very large tables you may have to increase the size of an EER.

To do this use the Model , Diagram Size When changing the foreign key column of a table on an EER diagram, the foreign key did not change color and Workbench crashed when attempting to save the MWB file. The application no longer crashes and the foreign key is updated. It was not possible to resize a table that used the Workbench Default object notation.

This was problematic for a number of reasons:. Column definitions that are long relative to the table name, are truncated. Even if you trimmed column names using the Diagram tab of the Workbench Options the names were sometimes truncated bled over the table border. This was caused by defective software rendering. When forward engineering to a live database, objects not selected on the Select Objects page were still created. This applied to tables, routines, and users.

It was not possible to drag or resize tables on an EER diagram. Tables can now be manually resized. To revert a table to automatic sizing use the Property palette and set manualSizing to True. In the Image tool, canceling the open file dialog caused a crash.

The display turned black when the application was resized. Workbench Improvements in this Version Bugs Fixed. The GRT inspector has been improved to support new types. Namely: text longtext bool color file. Bug After placing related tables on an EER diagram and then removing them using the Undo menu option, the connection lines between related tables no longer showed up.

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MySQL :How to Backup or export table with MySQL workbench

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